Vulcain was founded in 1858 in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland by the Maurice Ditisheim family. They began in pocket watches and produced them under the name "Manufacture Ditisheim". By 1894 they began offering pieces under the brand of Vulcain when Ernest-Albert Ditisheim, Maurice's son took the helm. Then the name became official in 1900 when Ditisheim registered the name 'Vulcain' as a brand name. In World War II Vulcain switched focuses to wrist watches because of an uptick in popularity of wristwatches with the military. The alarm watch began in the 1940's when Vulcain invented the idea of mechanical alarm watch. The company continued to develop innovation and build their brand. Together with French Physicist Paul Langevin they developed many notable watch innovations like the Vulcain Cricket.