Born in Mulhouse in the Alsace region of France in 1907, Schlumberger was one of five children. His family were successful textile manufacturers and merchants. His family pushed him to study finance and join the family business which he did by working in textile and banking industries in Europe and the States. By 1936 he was living in Paris and working for Lucien Lelong and was introduced into Parisian high society. In 1937 he began in jewelry by first designing costume jewelry and accessories for Elsa Schiaparelli. This relationship ended with the outbreak of World War II. In February 1956 Walter Hoving, then president of Tiffany and Co, asked him to join them in an independent studio. This is where his relationship with jewelry flourished. He continued to work for and with Tiffany & Company until his retirement. At retirement he settled in Paris. Schlumberger passed away in 1987.