In 1854 Ariste Racine founded the brand Enicar by reversing his last name in Switzerland. By 1914 the name and reputation proceeded his pieces as timepieces for soldier and railroad workers during the war. By 1930 a new factory was established in Bienne, Switzerland to enable the growth the company was seeing. By the late 1930s Enicar was creating new watches such as dive watches that could survive in harsh environments such as corrosive seawater, high pressures, and rapid temperature changes. These developments helped the pieces sell well and the brand grew. The first chronograph model appeared in the 1940s and in the 50s, Enicar received the first certification of accuracy from the renowned Neuchâtel Observatory for reliable and accurate timing. By the 1970's quartz watches were all the rage and Enicar decided to be a part of it. The brand sustained and persisted to make watches.